A consumer goods company’s SIITA research team was able to establish a system with their decomposition system for the complete breakdown of plastic for the first time in history. The result of this was the complete decomposition of the plastic, leading to a decrease in the waste generated by the company.
The existing biodegradation processes never completely decomposed nor did they recycle the plastics, which led to major problems. The biodegradation of these products required specific temperature and moisture conditions to optimally vitalize the microorganisms in decomposing the materials. However, so far, no facility was able to recreate such conditions. Setting up and sustaining high temperatures for creating the degradation conditions was particularly difficult because setting up a facility to create such conditions was very costly.
As the research team designed the system to maintain and manage the conditions required for biodegradation, they were successful in the process of large-scale decomposition of bioplastics. The research team was able to achieve a process by which the process of degrading materials in the correct conditions was made effective for the scale of the operation. Time was also reduced alongside cost, as the process reduced the degradation timeline by 50%, going from 6 Months to 3 Months.
The process turned the plastics into eco-friendly compost, which can be utilized in the farming sector. The finished compost passed the test which showed that it consisted of 18 substances including heavy metals, toxic substances, and three elements of fertilizer.
The full degradation technology and process developed by SIITA has applications for cosmetics, beverages, food containers, and single-use consumer goods. This offers an innovative method of handling plastic waste, by making it completely degradable and recyclable.
According to the SIITA team, the existing plastic disposal procedures were not sustainable enough in the long run, due to the impact of plastic waste on our environment. This new process fundamentally helps the ecosystem, thanks to the zero-waste degradation allowing the recycling of plastics for re-use.
Additionally, the SIITA research team has decided to make the technology, including all the information about the raw materials, facilities, and microorganisms, etc public for free. Making public the technology will help the world apply it at an accelerated rate and lead to a faster effort to stop the spread of plastic waste.